Democracy Undone. Systematic Minority Advantage in Competitive Vote Markets
NBER Working Paper No. 18573
We study the competitive equilibrium of a market for votes where voters can trade votes for a numeraire before making a decision via majority rule. The choice is binary and the number of supporters of either alternative is known. We identify a sufficient condition guaranteeing the existence of an ex ante equilibrium. In equilibrium, only the most intense voter on each side demands votes and each demands enough votes to alone control a majority. The probability of a minority victory is independent of the size of the minority and converges to one half, for any minority size, when the electorate is arbitrarily large. In a large electorate, the numerical advantage of the majority becomes irrelevant: democracy is undone by the market.
You may purchase this paper on-line in .pdf format from SSRN.com ($5) for electronic delivery.
Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these: