Predation, Taxation, Investment, and Violence: Evidence from the Philippines
NBER Working Paper No. 18375
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Previously circulated as "Predation, Economic Activity and Violence: Evidence from the Philippines." We acknowledge the assistance of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) and the AFP National Development Support Command (NADESCOM), in the Philippines, of Katherine Levy and Mitchell Downey at UC San Diego, and the comments of seminar participants at the Einaudi Institute of Economic and Finance, the University of Warwick, the Department for International Development (DFID), London, LUISS Guido Carli University, Rome, the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Addis Ababa, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), University of Washington, Georgia Institute of Technology, and the International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium, and those of our colleagues at UCSD, Stanford, and the Empirical Studies of Conflict (ESOC) collaborative. This research was supported by the Office of Naval Research (ONR) through Award N000141110735 at the National Bureau of Economic Research. It builds on research supported by U.S. Department of Defense Minerva research initiative through the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) under Award FA9550-09-1-0314. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations in this document are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect views of ONR or AFOSR. All mistakes are ours. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.