NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

The Need for Enemies

Leopoldo Fergusson, James A. Robinson, Ragnar Torvik, Juan F. Vargas

NBER Working Paper No. 18313
Issued in August 2012

---- Acknowledgements -----

We thank Dario Romero for excellent research assistance and Daron Acemoglu, Torberg Falch, María Teresa Ronderos and Bjarne Strøm for their comments and suggestions. We are grateful to seminar participants at Berkeley, Georgetown, Universidad de los Andes, Universidad del Rosario, the World Bank Office of the Chief Economist for Latin America and the Workshop on Governance, Development and Political Violence, UCSD, June 2011, particularly our discussant David Laitin. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.

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