Did the Americanization Movement Succeed? An Evaluation of the Effect of English-Only and Compulsory Schools Laws on Immigrants' Education
---- Acknowledgements -----
We are indebted to Naomi Lamoreaux for encouraging us to write this paper and to Claudia Goldin and Larry Katz for providing us with access to their data on compulsory schooling laws and state characteristics. We are grateful to the participants of the UCLA Economic History brown bag seminar for the comments. We acknowledge the outstanding research assistance provided by Rosanna Smart and Sofia Aguilar. All remaining errors are our own. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.