Individual Price Adjustment along the Extensive Margin
NBER Working Paper No. 18213
Firms employ a rich variety of pricing strategies whose implications for aggregate price dynamics often diverge. This situation poses a challenge for macroeconomists interested in bridging micro and macro price stickiness. In responding to this challenge, we note that differences in macro price stickiness across pricing mechanisms can often be traced back to price changes that are either triggered or cancelled by shocks. We exploit observed micro price behavior to quantify the importance of this margin of adjustment for the response of inflation to shocks. Across a range of empirical exercises, we find strong evidence that changes in the timing of price adjustments contribute significantly to the flexibility of the aggregate price level.
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Published: Individual Price Adjustment along the Extensive Margin, Etienne Gagnon, David López-Salido, Nicolas Vincent, in NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2012, Volume 27 (2013), University of Chicago Press
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