NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Innocent Bystanders? Monetary Policy and Inequality in the U.S.

Olivier Coibion, Yuriy Gorodnichenko, Lorenz Kueng, John Silvia

NBER Working Paper No. 18170
Issued in June 2012
NBER Program(s):   EFG   IFM   ME

We study the effects and historical contribution of monetary policy shocks to consumption and income inequality in the United States since 1980. Contractionary monetary policy actions systematically increase inequality in labor earnings, total income, consumption and total expenditures. Furthermore, monetary shocks can account for a significant component of the historical cyclical variation in income and consumption inequality. Using detailed micro-level data on income and consumption, we document the different channels via which monetary policy shocks affect inequality, as well as how these channels depend on the nature of the change in monetary policy.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w18170

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