NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Elections in China

Monica Martinez-Bravo, Gerard Padró i Miquel, Nancy Qian, Yang Yao

NBER Working Paper No. 18101
Issued in May 2012
NBER Program(s):   POL   PE

We examine the effects of introducing village elections on public goods expenditures, income distribution and land use in rural China. We construct a large panel data set of village administrative records to document the history of political reforms and economic policies for over two hundred villages. We exploit the staggered timing of the introduction of village elections to find that elections significantly increased public goods expenditure financed by villagers. In addition, we find that the introduction of elections caused a moderate decline in income inequality and likely reduced corruption. The results suggest that local officials are better controlled by local elections rather than by centrally managed bureaucratic monitoring.

You may purchase this paper on-line in .pdf format from SSRN.com ($5) for electronic delivery.

Information about Free Papers

You should expect a free download if you are a subscriber, a corporate associate of the NBER, a journalist, an employee of the U.S. federal government with a ".GOV" domain name, or a resident of nearly any developing country or transition economy.

If you usually get free papers at work/university but do not at home, you can either connect to your work VPN or proxy (if any) or elect to have a link to the paper emailed to your work email address below. The email address must be connected to a subscribing college, university, or other subscribing institution. Gmail and other free email addresses will not have access.

E-mail:

This paper was revised on December 3, 2014

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w18101

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these:
Heckman and Yi w18100 Human Capital, Economic Growth, and Inequality in China
Banerjee, Duflo, and Qian w17897 On the Road: Access to Transportation Infrastructure and Economic Growth in China
Padro i Miquel, Qian, and Yao w18633 Social Fragmentation, Public Goods and Elections: Evidence from China
Martinez-Bravo, Padro i Miquel, Qian, and Yao w16948 Do Local Elections in Non-Democracies Increase Accountability? Evidence from Rural China
Fang, Eggleston, Rizzo, Rozelle, and Zeckhauser w18189 The Returns to Education in China: Evidence from the 1986 Compulsory Education Law
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Data
People
About

Support
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us