NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Foreign Born Scientists: Mobility Patterns for Sixteen Countries

Chiara Franzoni, Giuseppe Scellato, Paula Stephan

NBER Working Paper No. 18067
Issued in May 2012
NBER Program(s):   ED   LS   PR

We report results from the first systematic study of the mobility of scientists engaged in research in a large number of countries. Data were collected from 17,182 respondents using a web-based survey of corresponding authors in 16 countries in four fields during 2011. We find considerable variation across countries, both in terms of immigration and emigration patterns. Switzerland has the largest percent of immigrant scientists working in country (56.7); Canada, and Australia trail by nine or more percent; the U.S. and Sweden by approximately eighteen percent. India has the lowest (0.8), followed closely by Italy and Japan. The most likely reason to come to a country for postdoctoral study or work is professional. Our survey methodology also allows us to study emigration patterns of individuals who were living in one of the 16 countries at age 18. Again, considerable variation exists by country. India heads the list with three in eight of those living in country when they were 18 out of country in 2011. The country with the lowest diaspora is Japan. Return rates also vary by country, with emigrants from Spain being most likely to return and those from India being least like to return. Regardless of country, the most likely reason respondents report for returning to one’s home country is family or personal.

You may purchase this paper on-line in .pdf format from SSRN.com ($5) for electronic delivery.

Information about Free Papers

You should expect a free download if you are a subscriber, a corporate associate of the NBER, a journalist, an employee of the U.S. federal government with a ".GOV" domain name, or a resident of nearly any developing country or transition economy.

If you usually get free papers at work/university but do not at home, you can either connect to your work VPN or proxy (if any) or elect to have a link to the paper emailed to your work email address below. The email address must be connected to a subscribing college, university, or other subscribing institution. Gmail and other free email addresses will not have access.

E-mail:

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w18067

Published: FRANZONI, C., SCELLATO, G., STEPHAN, P. (2012) “Foreign-born scientists: mobility patterns for 16 countries” Nature Biotechnology, 30 (12) , pp. 1250-1253

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these:
Franzoni, Scellato, and Stephan w18577 The Mover's Advantage: Scientific Performance of Mobile Academics
Scellato, Franzoni, and Stephan w18613 Mobile Scientists and International Networks
Stephan, Franzoni, and Scellato w18809 Choice of Country by the Foreign Born for PhD and Postdoctoral Study: A Sixteen-Country Perspective
Huggett and Kaplan w18066 The Money Value of a Man
Freeman Does Globalization of the Scientific/Engineering Workforce Threaten U.S. Economic Leadership?
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Data
People
About

Support
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us