NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Education and Military Rivalry

Philippe Aghion, Torsten Persson, Dorothee Rouzet

NBER Working Paper No. 18049
Issued in May 2012
NBER Program(s):   POL

Using data from the last 150 years in a small set of countries, and from the postwar period in a large set of countries, we show that large investments in state primary education systems tend to occur when countries face military rivals or threats from their neighbors. By contrast, we find that democratic transitions are negatively associated with education investments, while the presence of democratic political institutions magnifies the positive effect of military rivalries. These empirical results are robust to a number of statistical concerns and continue to hold when we instrument military rivalries with commodity prices or rivalries in a certain country’s immediate neighborhood. We also present historical case studies, as well as a simple model, that are consistent with the econometric evidence.

You may purchase this paper on-line in .pdf format from SSRN.com ($5) for electronic delivery.

Information about Free Papers

You should expect a free download if you are a subscriber, a corporate associate of the NBER, a journalist, an employee of the U.S. federal government with a ".GOV" domain name, or a resident of nearly any developing country or transition economy.

If you usually get free papers at work/university but do not at home, you can either connect to your work VPN or proxy (if any) or elect to have a link to the paper emailed to your work email address below. The email address must be connected to a subscribing college, university, or other subscribing institution. Gmail and other free email addresses will not have access.

E-mail:

Acknowledgments

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w18049

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these:
Botero, Ponce, and Shleifer w18119 Education and the Quality of Government
Aghion, Dewatripont, Du, Harrison, and Legros w18048 Industrial Policy and Competition
Banerjee, Duflo, and Qian w17897 On the Road: Access to Transportation Infrastructure and Economic Growth in China
Banerjee, Mullainathan, and Hanna w17968 Corruption
Aghion, Dechezlepretre, Hemous, Martin, and Van Reenen w18596 Carbon Taxes, Path Dependency and Directed Technical Change: Evidence from the Auto Industry
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
Data
People
About

Support
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us