NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Education and Military Rivalry

Philippe Aghion, Torsten Persson, Dorothee Rouzet

NBER Working Paper No. 18049
Issued in May 2012
NBER Program(s):   POL

Using data from the last 150 years in a small set of countries, and from the postwar period in a large set of countries, we show that large investments in state primary education systems tend to occur when countries face military rivals or threats from their neighbors. By contrast, we find that democratic transitions are negatively associated with education investments, while the presence of democratic political institutions magnifies the positive effect of military rivalries. These empirical results are robust to a number of statistical concerns and continue to hold when we instrument military rivalries with commodity prices or rivalries in a certain country's immediate neighborhood. We also present historical case studies, as well as a simple model, that are consistent with the econometric evidence.

download in pdf format
   (696 K)

email paper

This paper is available as PDF (696 K) or via email.

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w18049

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these:
Aghion, Dewatripont, Du, Harrison, and Legros w18048 Industrial Policy and Competition
Botero, Ponce, and Shleifer w18119 Education and the Quality of Government
Alesina and Reich w18839 Nation Building
Glaeser, Gottlieb, and Ziv w20291 Unhappy Cities
Banerjee, Duflo, and Qian w17897 On the Road: Access to Transportation Infrastructure and Economic Growth in China
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Data
People
About

Support
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us