NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Macroeconomic Effects of Corporate Default Crises: A Long-Term Perspective

Kay Giesecke, Francis A. Longstaff, Stephen Schaefer, Ilya Strebulaev

NBER Working Paper No. 17854
Issued in February 2012
NBER Program(s):   AP   CF   DAE   EFG

Using an extensive new data set on corporate bond defaults in the U.S. from 1866 to 2010, we study the macroeconomic effects of bond market crises and contrast them with those resulting from banking crises. During the past 150 years, the U.S. has experienced many severe corporate default crises in which 20 to 50 percent of all corporate bonds defaulted. Although the total par amount of corporate bonds has often rivaled the amount of bank loans outstanding, we find that corporate default crises have far fewer real effects than do banking crises. These results provide empirical support for current theories that emphasize the unique role that banks and the credit and collateral channels play in amplifying macroeconomic shocks.

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Acknowledgments and Disclosures

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w17854

Macroeconomic Effects of Corporate Bond Default Crises: A 150-Year Perspective (with K. Giesecke, I. Strebulaev, and S. Schaefer), Journal of Financial Economics, forthcoming.

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