NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Fasting During Pregnancy and Children's Academic Performance

Douglas Almond, Bhashkar Mazumder, Reyn van Ewijk

NBER Working Paper No. 17713
Issued in December 2011
NBER Program(s):   AG   CH   ED   HE

We consider the effects of daytime fasting by pregnant women during the lunar month of Ramadan on their children's test scores at age seven. Using English register data, we find that scores are .05 to .08 standard deviations lower for Pakistani and Bangladeshi students exposed to Ramadan in early pregnancy. These estimates are downward biased to the extent that Ramadan is not universally observed. We conclude that the effects of prenatal investments on test scores are comparable to many conventional educational interventions but are likely to be more cost effective and less subject to "fade out".

The NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health provides summaries of publications like this.  You can sign up to receive the NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health by email.

You may purchase this paper on-line in .pdf format from SSRN.com ($5) for electronic delivery.

Information about Free Papers

You should expect a free download if you are a subscriber, a corporate associate of the NBER, a journalist, an employee of the U.S. federal government with a ".GOV" domain name, or a resident of nearly any developing country or transition economy.

If you usually get free papers at work/university but do not at home, you can either connect to your work VPN or proxy (if any) or elect to have a link to the paper emailed to your work email address below. The email address must be connected to a subscribing college, university, or other subscribing institution. Gmail and other free email addresses will not have access.

E-mail:

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w17713

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these:
Almond and Mazumder w14428 Health Capital and the Prenatal Environment: The Effect of Maternal Fasting During Pregnancy
Card, Mas, Moretti, and Saez w16396 Inequality at Work: The Effect of Peer Salaries on Job Satisfaction
Gelber and Isen w17704 Children’s Schooling and Parents’ Investment in Children: Evidence from the Head Start Impact Study
Almond, Currie, and Herrmann w17676 From Infant to Mother: Early Disease Environment and Future Maternal Health
Kuminoff, Smith, and Timmins w16349 The New Economics of Equilibrium Sorting and its Transformational Role for Policy Evaluation
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Data
People
About

Support
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us