NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Substitution and Stigma: Evidence on Religious Competition from the Catholic Sex-Abuse Scandal

Daniel M. Hungerman

NBER Working Paper No. 17589
Issued in November 2011
NBER Program(s):   CH   LS   PE

This paper considers substituting one charitable activity for another in the context of religious practice. I examine the impact of the Catholic Church sex-abuse scandal on both Catholic and non-Catholic religiosity. I find that the scandal led to a 2-million-member fall in the Catholic population that was compensated by an increase in non-Catholic participation and by an increase in non-affiliation. Back-of-the-envelope calculations suggest the scandal generated over 3 billion dollars in donations to non-Catholic faiths. Those substituting out of Catholicism frequently chose highly dissimilar alternatives; for example, Baptist churches gained significantly from the scandal while the Episcopal Church did not. These results challenge several theories of religious participation and suggest that regulatory policies or other shocks specific to one religious group could have important spillover effects on other religious groups.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w17589

Published: “Substitution and Stigma: Evidence on Religious Competition from the Catholic Sex-Abuse Scandal,” the American Economic Journal: Economic Policy 5(3) (2013), 227-253.

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