NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Agricultural Policy, Migration, and Malaria in the 1930s United States

Alan Barreca, Price V. Fishback, Shawn Kantor

NBER Working Paper No. 17526
Issued in October 2011
NBER Program(s):   DAE   HE

The Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) caused a population shift in the United States in the 1930s. Evaluating the effects of the AAA on the incidence of malaria can therefore offer important lessons regarding the broader consequences of demographic changes. Using a quasi-first difference model and a robust set of controls, we find a negative association between AAA expenditures and malaria death rates at the county level. Further, we find the AAA caused relatively low-income groups to migrate from counties with high-risk malaria ecologies. These results suggest that the AAA-induced migration played an important role in the reduction of malaria.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w17526

Published: “Agricultural Policy, Migration, and Malaria in the 1930s United States.” With Alan Barreca and Shawn Kantor. Explorations in Economic History 49 (2012): 381-398.

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