How the West 'Invented' Fertility Restriction
---- Acknowledgements -----
We would like to thank Stefania Albanesi, Quamrul Ashraf, Francesco Caselli, Matteo Cervellati, Hal Cole, David de la Croix, Matthias Doepke, Ruben Durante, Raquel Fernández, Alessandra Fogli, Jesus Fernandez-Villaverde, Oded Galor, Jeremy Greenwood, Avner Greif, Nezih Guner, Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan, Dirk Krueger, Naomi Lamoreaux, Oksana Leukhina, Kiminori Matsuyama, Joel Mokyr, Nathan Nunn, Víctor Ríos-Rull, David Stromberg, Michèle Tertilt, Jaume Ventura, Dietrich Vollrath, David Weil, and Fabrizio Zilibotti for helpful comments and suggestions. Seminar audiences at EEA-ESEM, NYU, Sciences Po, Stanford SITE, UCLA, UC Louvain, UPF, U Houston, U Penn, U Washington, and Warwick offered helpful advice. This paper is produced as part of the project Historical Patterns of Development and Underdevelopment: Origins and Persistence of the Great Divergence (HI-POD), a Collaborative Project funded by the European Commission's Seventh Research Framework Programme, Contract number 225342. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.