NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Municipal Employment, Municipal Unions, and Demand for Municipal Services

Jeffrey S. Zax

NBER Working Paper No. 1728
Issued in October 1985
NBER Program(s):   LS

Municipal unions may often use their own votes and those of sympathetic fellow citizens to promote increases in demand for municipal services. If successful, this strategy can increase member employment levels without sacrificing compensation. Municipal employee unionization significantly increases levels of annual manhours and employment per capita, and reduces annual hours of workper employee. The net effect of average unionization levels is to increase employees per capita by at least 4.7%, and manhours per capita by at least 3.3%, over levels that would prevail in the absence of municipal unions. These effects occur almost entirely in functions withr ecognized bargaining units. In these functions, employment levels are at least 9.9% higher than they would be in the absence of unionization.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w1728

Published: Industrial Relations, vol 82, no.1, pp21-31, Winter 1989.

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