NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Environmental Regulations, Air and Water Pollution, and Infant Mortality in India

Michael Greenstone, Rema Hanna

NBER Working Paper No. 17210
Issued in July 2011
NBER Program(s):   CH   EEE   HE   LE   PE

Using the most comprehensive data file ever compiled on air pollution, water pollution, environmental regulations, and infant mortality from a developing country, the paper examines the effectiveness of India's environmental regulations. The air pollution regulations were effective at reducing ambient concentrations of particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide. The most successful air pollution regulation is associated with a modest and statistically insignificant decline in infant mortality. However, the water pollution regulations had no observable effect. Overall, these results contradict the conventional wisdom that environmental quality is a deterministic function of income and underscore the role of institutions and politics.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w17210

Environmental Regulations, Air and Water Pollution, and Infant Mortality in India,” (with Rema Hanna), forthcoming American Economic Review, 2014; also NBER WP # 17210; MIT Dept. of Economics WP No. 11- 11, 2011; CEEPR WP 2011-014. citation courtesy of

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