NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

The Availability and Utilization of 401(k) Loans

John Beshears, James J. Choi, David Laibson, Brigitte C. Madrian

NBER Working Paper No. 17118
Issued in June 2011

---- Acknowledgements -----

The research reported in this paper was supported by a grant from the U.S. Social Security Administration (SSA), administered by the Retirement Research Consortium (RRC). Additional financial support from the National Institute on Aging (grants R01-AG021650 and T32-AG00186) is gratefully acknowledged. The findings and conclusions expressed are solely those of the authors and do not represent the views of SSA, the NIA, any other agency of the Federal Government, the NBER, or the RRC. See the authors’ websites for a list of their outside activities. We thank Gopi Shah Goda for useful comments on the paper. We also thank Aon Hewitt for providing data and insights into 401(k) loans from the perspective of a plan administrator. We are particularly grateful to Pam Hess, Yan Xu, and Kirsten Bradford for their feedback. We are also indebted to Yeguang Chi, Eric Zwick, Anna Blank, Patrick Turley, John Klopfer, Jung Sakong, Gwendolyn Reynolds, and Chelsea Zhang for their research assistance. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.

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