NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Advances in Consumption-Based Asset Pricing: Empirical Tests

Sydney C. Ludvigson

NBER Working Paper No. 16810
Issued in February 2011
NBER Program(s):   AP   EFG

The last 15 years has brought forth an explosion of research on consumption-based asset pricing as a leading contender for explaining aggregate stock market behavior. This research has propelled further interest in consumption-based asset pricing, as well as some debate. This chapter surveys the growing body of empirical work that evaluates today's leading consumption-based asset pricing theories using formal estimation, hypothesis testing, and model comparison. In addition to summarizing the findings and debate, the analysis seeks to provide an accessible description of a few key econometric methodologies for evaluating consumption-based models, with an emphasis on method-of-moments estimators. Finally, the chapter offers a prescription for future econometric work by calling for greater emphasis on methodologies that facilitate the comparison of multiple competing models, all of which are potentially misspecified, while calling for reduced emphasis on individual hypothesis tests of whether a single model is specified without error.

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This paper was revised on December 5, 2011

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w16810

"Advances in Consumption-Based Asset Pricing: Empirical Tests." Forthcoming in the Handbook of the Economics of Finance, e.d. by George M. Constantinides, Milton Harris and Rene M. Stulz, vol. 2, Elsevier Science B.V., North Holland, Amersterdam.

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