NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

A Theory of Dual Labor Markets with Application to Industrial Policy, Discrimination and Keynesian Unemployment

Jeremy I. Bulow, Lawrence H. Summers

NBER Working Paper No. 1666 (Also Reprint No. r0798)
Issued in July 1985
NBER Program(s):   LS   EFG

This paper develops a model of dual labor markets based on employers' need to motivate workers. In order to elicit effort from their workers, employers may find it optimal to pay more than the going wage. This changes fundamentally the character of labor markets. The modelis applied to a wide range of labormarket phenomena. It provides a coherent framework for understanding the claims of industrial policy advocates. It also can provide the basis for a theory of occupational segregation and discrimination which will not be eroded by market forces. Finally, the model provides the basis for a theory of involuntary unemployment.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w1666

Published: Bulow, Jeremy I. and Lawrence H. Summers. "A Theory of Dual Labor Markets with Application to Industrial Policy, Discrimination, and Keynesian Unemployment." Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 4, No. 3, Part 1, (July 1986), pp. 376-414. citation courtesy of

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