The Wage Effects of Immigration and Emigration
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This article is part of a research project on "Brain drain, return migration and South-South migration: impact on labor markets and human capital" supported by the Austrian, German, Korean, and Norwegian governments through the Multi-donor Trust Fund on Labor Markets, Job Creation, and Economic Growth administered by the World Bank's Social Protection and Labor unit. The first author also acknowledges financial support from the Belgian French-speaking Community (convention ARC 09/14-019 on "Geographical Mobility of Factors"). The findings, conclusions and views expressed are entirely those of the authors and should not be attributed to the World Bank, its executive directors, the countries they represent, or the National Bureau of Economic Research.