Scientific Productivity and Academic Promotion: A Study on French and Italian Physicists
NBER Working Paper No. 16341
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Early drafts of the paper benefitted from many comments by three anonymous referees and from remarks by participants to several CID workshops and to the DIME conference on “Knowledge in space and time: economic and policy implications of the Knowledge-based economy” (Strasbourg, April 2008); the BRICK-DIME workshop on “The Organisation, Economics and Policy of Academic Research” (Moncalieri, July 2008); the NBER Productivity Seminar (Cambridge MA, March 2009). We are particularly grateful to Pierre Azoulay and Paula Stephan stimulating suggestions. This work was supported by the Italian Ministry of Education [FIRB to J.M.]; European Cooperation in Science and Technology [IS0604 to M.P.]; European Commission [FP6–043345 to F.L., FP6–043345 to F.M.] The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.