NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Firm Dynamics, Job Turnover, and Wage Distributions in an Open Economy

A. Kerem Coşar, Nezih Guner, James Tybout

NBER Working Paper No. 16326
Issued in September 2010
NBER Program(s):   ITI   PR

This paper explores the combined effects of reductions in trade frictions, tariffs, and firing costs on firm dynamics, job turnover, and wage distributions. It uses establishment-level data from Colombia to estimate an open economy dynamic model that links trade to job flows in a new way. The fitted model captures key features of Colombian firm dynamics and labor market outcomes, as well changes in these features during the past 25 years. Counterfactual experiments imply that integration with global product markets has increased both average income and job turnover in Colombia. In contrast, the experiments find little role for this country's labor market reforms in driving these variables. The results speak more generally to the effects of globalization on labor markets in Latin America and elsewhere.

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This paper was revised on November 13, 2013

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w16326

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