NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Giving Mom a Break: The Impact of Higher EITC Payments on Maternal Health

William N. Evans, Craig L. Garthwaite

NBER Working Paper No. 16296
Issued in August 2010
NBER Program(s):   HE   LS   PE

The 1993 expansions of the Earned Income Tax Credit created the first meaningful separation in the benefit level for families based on the number of children, with families containing two or more children now receiving substantially more in benefits. If income is protective of health, we should see improvements over time in the health for mothers eligible for the EITC with two or more children compared to those with only one child. Using data from the Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance Survey, we find in difference-in-difference models that for low-educated mothers of two or more children, the number of days with poor mental health and the fraction reporting excellent or very good health improved relative to the mothers with only one child. Using data from the National Health Examination and Nutrition Survey, we find evidence that the probability of having risky levels of biomarkers fell for these same low-educated women impacted more by the 1993 expansions, especially biomarkers that indicate inflammation.

download in pdf format
   (384 K)

email paper

The NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health provides summaries of publications like this.  You can sign up to receive the NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health by email.

This paper is available as PDF (384 K) or via email.

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w16296

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these:
Hoynes, Miller, and Simon w18206 Income, the Earned Income Tax Credit, and Infant Health
Dahl and Lochner w14599 The Impact of Family Income on Child Achievement: Evidence from the Earned Income Tax Credit
Meyer The Effects of the Earned Income Tax Credit and Recent Reforms
Ben-Shalom, Moffitt, and Scholz w17042 An Assessment of the Effectiveness of Anti-Poverty Programs in the United States
Dave, Reichman, Corman, and Das w16659 Effects of Welfare Reform on Vocational Education and Training
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Data
People
About

Support
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us