NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Work Incentives and the Food Stamp Program

Hilary Williamson Hoynes, Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

NBER Working Paper No. 16198
Issued in July 2010
NBER Program(s):   CH   LS   PE

Labor supply theory makes strong predictions about how the introduction of a social welfare program impacts work effort. Although there is a large literature on the work incentive effects of AFDC and the EITC, relatively little is known about the work incentive effects of the Food Stamp Program and none of the existing literature is based on quasi-experimental methods. We use the cross-county introduction of the program in the 1960s and 1970s to estimate the impact of the program on the extensive and intensive margins of labor supply, earnings, and family cash income. Consistent with theory, we find modest reductions in employment and hours worked when food stamps are introduced. The results are larger for single-parent families.

download in pdf format
   (372 K)

email paper

This paper is available as PDF (372 K) or via email.

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w16198

Published: Hoynes, Hilary Williamson & Schanzenbach, Diane Whitmore, 2012. "Work incentives and the Food Stamp Program," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(1), pages 151-162. citation courtesy of

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these:
Cunha, De Giorgi, and Jayachandran w17456 The Price Effects of Cash Versus In-Kind Transfers
Hoynes, Schanzenbach, and Almond w18535 Long Run Impacts of Childhood Access to the Safety Net
Jackson and Bruegmann w15202 Teaching Students and Teaching Each Other: The Importance of Peer Learning for Teachers
Almond, Hoynes, and Schanzenbach w14306 Inside the War on Poverty: The Impact of Food Stamps on Birth Outcomes
Anderson, Butcher, and Schanzenbach w16873 Adequate (or Adipose?) Yearly Progress: Assessing the Effect of "No Child Left Behind" on Children's Obesity
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Data
People
About

Support
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us