NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Effects of Welfare Reform on Illicit Drug Use of Adult Women

Hope Corman, Dhaval M. Dave, Nancy E. Reichman, Dhiman Das

NBER Working Paper No. 16072
Issued in June 2010
NBER Program(s):   HE

Exploiting changes in welfare policy across states and over time and comparing relevant population subgroups within an econometric difference-in-differences framework, we estimate the causal effects of welfare reform on adult women’s illicit drug use from 1992 to 2002, the period during which welfare reform unfolded in the U.S. The analyses are based on all available and appropriate national datasets, each offering unique strengths and measuring a different drug-related outcome. We investigate self-reported illicit drug use (from the National Surveys on Drug Use and Health), drug-related prison admissions (from the National Corrections Reporting Program), drug-related arrests (from the Uniform Crime Reports), drug-related treatment admissions (from the Treatment Episode Data Set), and drug-related emergency room episodes (from the Drug Abuse Warning Network). We find robust and compelling evidence that welfare reform led to declines in illicit drug use and increases in drug treatment among women at risk for relying on welfare, and some evidence that the effects operate, at least in part, through both TANF drug sanctions and work incentives.

download in pdf format
   (355 K)

email paper

The NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health provides summaries of publications like this.  You can sign up to receive the NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health by email.

This paper is available as PDF (355 K) or via email.

Acknowledgments

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w16072

Published: Hope Corman & Dhaval M. Dave & Dhiman Das & Nancy E. Reichman, 2013. "Effects Of Welfare Reform On Illicit Drug Use Of Adult Women," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 51(1), pages 653-674, 01.

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these:
Dave, Reichman, and Corman w14466 Effects of Welfare Reform on Educational Acquisition of Young Adult Women
Dave, Reichman, Corman, and Das w16659 Effects of Welfare Reform on Vocational Education and Training
Bitler and Hoynes w12642 Welfare Reform and Indirect Impacts on Health
Dave w10648 Illicit Drug Use Among Arrestees and Drug Prices
Ashraf, Fink, and Weil w16069 Evaluating the Effects of Large Scale Health Interventions in Developing Countries: The Zambian Malaria Initiative
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
Data
People
About

Support
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us