NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Estimating Causal Effects of Early Occupational Choice on Later Health: Evidence Using the PSID

Jason M. Fletcher, Jody L. Sindelar

NBER Working Paper No. 15256
Issued in August 2009
NBER Program(s):   HE

In this paper, we provide some of the first empirical evidence of whether early occupational choices are associated with lasting effects on health status, affecting individuals as they age. We take advantage of data on occupational histories available in the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) to examine this issue. To the PSID data, we merge historical Census data that reflect the labor market conditions when each individual in the PSID made his first occupational choice. These data on labor market conditions (e.g. state-level share of blue collar workers) allow us to instrument for occupational choice in order to alleviate endogeneity bias. We use parental occupation as additional instruments. Since our instruments may have indirect effects on later health, we also control for respondent's pre-labor market health, education and several family and state background characteristics in order to make the instruments more plausibly excludable. We find substantial evidence that a blue collar occupation at labor force entry is associated with decrements to later health status, ceteris paribus. These health effects are larger after controlling for endogeneity and are similar across sets of instruments. We also find differences in the effects of occupation by gender, race, and age.

download in pdf format
   (106 K)

email paper

The NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health provides summaries of publications like this.  You can sign up to receive the NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health by email.

This paper is available as PDF (106 K) or via email.

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w15256

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these:
Sindelar, Fletcher, Falba, Keenan, and Gallo w13715 Impact of First Occupation on Health at Older Ages
Fletcher, Sindelar, and Yamaguchi w15121 Cumulative Effects of Job Characteristics on Health
Kelly, Dave, Sindelar, and Gallo w16803 The Impact of Early Occupational Choice On Health Behaviors
Case and Deaton Broken Down by Work and Sex: How Our Health Declines
Ayyagari and Sindelar w15232 The Impact of Job Stress on Smoking and Quitting: Evidence from the HRS
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Data
People
About

Support
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us