NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Ottoman De-Industrialization 1800-1913: Assessing the Shock, Its Impact and the Response

Sevket Pamuk, Jeffrey G. Williamson

NBER Working Paper No. 14763
Issued in March 2009
NBER Program(s):   DAE

India and Britain were much bigger players in the 18th century world market for textiles than was Egypt, the Levant and the core of the Ottoman Empire, but these eastern Mediterranean regions did export carpets, silks and other textiles to Europe and the East. By the middle of the 19th century, they had lost most of their export market and much of their domestic market to globalization forces and rapid productivity growth in European manufacturing. Other local industries also suffered decline, and these regions underwent de-industrialization as a consequence. How different was Ottoman experience from the rest of the poor periphery? Was de-industrialization more or less pronounced? Was the terms of trade shock bigger or smaller? How much of Ottoman de-industrialization was due to falling world trade barriers -- ocean transport revolutions and European liberal trade policy, how much due to factory-based productivity advance in Europe, how much to declining Ottoman competitiveness in manufacturing, how much to Ottoman railroads penetrating the interior, and how much to Ottoman policy? The paper uses a price-dual approach to seek the answers. It documents trends in export and import prices, relative to each other and to non-tradables, as well as to the unskilled wage. The impact of globalization, European productivity advance, Ottoman wage costs and policy are assessed by using a simple neo-Ricardian three sector model, and by comparison with what was taking place in the rest of the poor periphery.

download in pdf format
   (262 K)

email paper

This paper is available as PDF (262 K) or via email.

Acknowledgments

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w14763

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these:
Williamson w16344 When, Where, and Why? Early Industrialization in the Poor Periphery 1870-1940
Clingingsmith and Williamson w10586 India's De-Industrialization Under British Rule: New Ideas, New Evidence
González, Gomez, and Williamson w12316 Globalization, De-Industrialization and Mexican Exceptionalism 1750-1879
Kalemli-Ozcan and Nikolsko-Rzhevskyy w16034 Does Trade Cause Capital to Flow? Evidence from Historical Rainfalls
Clingingsmith and Williamson w11730 Mughal Decline, Climate Change, and Britain's Industrial Ascent: An Integrated Perspective on India's 18th and 19th Century Deindustrialization
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
Data
People
About

Support
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us