NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Temperature and Income: Reconciling New Cross-Sectional and Panel Estimates

Melissa Dell, Benjamin F. Jones, Benjamin A. Olken

NBER Working Paper No. 14680
Issued in January 2009
NBER Program(s):   EEE   EFG

This paper presents novel evidence and analysis of the relationship between temperature and income. First, using sub-national data from 12 countries in the Americas, we provide new evidence that the negative cross-country relationship between temperature and income also exists within countries and even within states. Second, we provide a theoretical framework for reconciling the substantial, negative association between temperature and income in the cross-section with the even stronger short-run effects of temperature estimated by panel models. The theoretical framework suggests that half of the negative short-term effects of temperature may be offset in the long run through adaptation.

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A data appendix is available at http://www.nber.org/data-appendix/w14680

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w14680

Published: Dell, Melissa, Benjamin F. Jones, and Benjamin A. Olken. "Temperature and Income: Reconciling New Cross-Sectional and Panel Estimates." American Economic Review 99, 2 (2009): 198-204. citation courtesy of

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