NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

The Wage Gap between Francophones and Anglophones: A Canadian Perspective, 1970 to 2000

David Albouy

NBER Working Paper No. 14203
Issued in July 2008
NBER Program(s):   LS

The wage differential between Francophone and Anglophone men from 1970 to 2000 fell by 25 percentage points within Quebec, but only by 10 points Canada-wide, largely because the wages of Quebec Anglophones fell by 15 points relative to other Canadian Anglophones. Accordingly, the Canadian measure of the Francophone wage gap better reflects the changing welfare of Francophones than the Quebec measure. Over half of the reduction in the Canadian Francophone wage gap is explained by rising Francophone education levels. In Quebec, the declining number and relative wages of Anglophone workers is best explained by a falling demand for English-speaking labour.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w14203

Published: Albouy, David Y. "The Wage Gap between Francophones and Anglophones: A Canadian Perspective, 1970 to 2000" Canadian Journal of Economics, Vol. 41, No. 4, November 2008, pp. 1211-1238.

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