NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Competition in the Promised Land: Black Migration and Racial Wage Convergence in the North, 1940-1970

Leah Platt Boustan

NBER Working Paper No. 13813
Issued in February 2008, Revised in December 2011
NBER Program(s):   DAE   LS

Four million blacks left the South from 1940 to 1970, doubling the northern black workforce. I exploit variation in migrant flows within skill groups over time to estimate the elasticity of substitution by race. I then use this estimate to calculate counterfactual rates of wage growth. I find that black wages in the North would have been around 7 percent higher in 1970 if not for the migrant influx, while white wages would have remained unchanged. On net, migration was an avenue for black economic advancement, but the migration created both winners and losers.

download in pdf format
   (235 K)

email paper

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w13813

Published: Boustan, Leah Platt, 2009. "Competition in the Promised Land: Black Migration and Racial Wage Convergence in the North, 1940?1970," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 69(03), pages 755-782, September. citation courtesy of

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Frank and Lamiraud w13817 Choice, Price Competition and Complexity in Markets for Health Insurance
Reber w13193 School Desegregation and Educational Attainment for Blacks
Taylor w13682 Housing and Monetary Policy
Goldin w11953 The Quiet Revolution that Transformed Women's Employment, Education, and Family
Butler and Heckman w0183 The Government's Impact on the Labor Market Status of Black Americans: A Critical Review
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us