NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Gender Differences in Competition: Evidence from a Matrilineal and a Patriarchal Society

Uri Gneezy, Kenneth L. Leonard, John A. List

NBER Working Paper No. 13727
Issued in January 2008
NBER Program(s):   LE   LS   PE

This study uses a controlled experiment to explore whether there are gender differences in selecting into competitive environments across two distinct societies: the Maasai in Tanzania and the Khasi in India. One unique aspect of these societies is that the Maasai represent a textbook example of a patriarchal society whereas the Khasi are matrilineal. Similar to the extant evidence drawn from experiments executed in Western cultures, Maasai men opt to compete at roughly twice the rate as Maasai women. Interestingly, this result is reversed amongst the Khasi, where women choose the competitive environment more often than Khasi men, and even choose to compete weakly more often than Maasai men. We view these results as potentially providing insights into the underpinnings of the factors hypothesized to be determinants of the observed gender differences in selecting into competitive environments.

download in pdf format
   (219 K)

email paper

This paper is available as PDF (219 K) or via email.

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w13727

Published: Uri Gneezy & Kenneth L. Leonard & John A. List, 2009. "Gender Differences in Competition: Evidence From a Matrilineal and a Patriarchal Society," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 77(5), pages 1637-1664, 09. citation courtesy of

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these:
Niederle and Vesterlund w11474 Do Women Shy Away From Competition? Do Men Compete Too Much?
Flory, Leibbrandt, and List w16546 Do Competitive Work Places Deter Female Workers? A Large-Scale Natural Field Experiment on Gender Differences in Job-Entry Decisions
List, Sadoff, and Wagner w15701 So you want to run an experiment, now what? Some Simple Rules of Thumb for Optimal Experimental Design
Niederle and Yestrumskas w13922 Gender Differences in Seeking Challenges: The Role of Institutions
Hossain and List w15623 The Behavioralist Visits the Factory: Increasing Productivity Using Simple Framing Manipulations
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Data
People
About

Support
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us