NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Aging and Death under a Dollar a Day

Abhijit V. Banerjee, Esther Duflo

NBER Working Paper No. 13683
Issued in December 2007
NBER Program(s):   AG

This paper uses household survey data form several developing countries to investigate whether the poor (defined as those living under $1 or $2 dollars a day at PPP) and the non poor have different mortality rates in old age. We construct a proxy measure of longevity, which is the probability that an adult's mother and father are alive. The non-poor's mothers are more likely to be alive than the poor's mothers. Using panel data set for Indonesia and Vietnam, we also find that older adults are significantly more likely to have died five years later if they are poor. The direction of causality is unclear: the poor may be poor because they are sick (and thus more likely to die), or they could die because they are poor.

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A non-technical summary of this paper is available in the 2008 number 1 issue of the NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health. You can sign up to receive the NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health by email.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w13683

Published: Aging and Death under a Dollar a Day, Abhijit V. Banerjee, Esther Duflo. in Research Findings in the Economics of Aging, Wise. 2010

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