NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Do Multinationals' R&D Activities Stimulate Indigenous Entrepreneurship? Evidence from China's "Silicon Valley"

Hongbin Cai, Yasuyuki Todo, Li-An Zhou

NBER Working Paper No. 13618
Issued in November 2007
NBER Program(s):Industrial Organization, International Trade and Investment

Using a unique firm-level dataset from China's "Silicon Valley," we investigate how multinational enterprises (MNEs) affect local entrepreneurship and R&D activities upon entry. We find that R&D activities of MNEs in an industry stimulate entry of domestic firms into the same industry and enhance R&D activities of newly entering domestic firms. By contrast, MNEs' production activities or domestic firms' R&D activities do not have such effect. Since MNEs are technologically more advanced than domestic firms, our findings suggest that diffusion of MNEs' advanced knowledge to potential indigenous entrepreneurs through MNEs' R&D stimulates entry of domestic firms.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w13618

Published: Social Interactions and Entrepreneurial Activity, Mariassunta Giannetti, Andrei Simonov. in Entrepreneurship: Strategy and Structure, Hellmann and Stern. 2009

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