NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Star Scientists, Innovation and Regional and National Immigration

Lynne G. Zucker, Michael R. Darby

NBER Working Paper No. 13547
Issued in October 2007
NBER Program(s):   PR

We follow the careers 1981-2004 of 5401 star scientists listed in ISI HighlyCitedSM as most highly cited by their peers. Their number in a US region or a top-25 science and technology (S&T) country significantly increases the probability of firm entry in the S&T field in which they are working. Stars rather than their disembodied discoveries are key for high-tech entry. Stars become more concentrated over time, moving disproportionately from areas with few peers in their discipline to many, except for a countercurrent of some foreign-born American stars returning home. High impact articles and university articles all tend to diffuse. America has 62 percent of the world’s stars as residents, primarily because of its research universities which produce them. Migration plays a significant role in some developing countries.

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This paper was revised on February 29, 2008

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w13547

Published: Entrepreneurship and Openness Entrepreneurship and Openness Theory and Evidence Industrial Dynamics, Entrepreneurship and Innovation series. Edited by David B. Audretsch, Robert E. Litan and Robert Strom. Category: Monograph. Book Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing. Published in print: 29 May 2009 ISBN: 9781847207791 eISBN: 9781848449046 DOI: 10.4337/9781848449046 Pages: 232

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