The Effect of Grade Retention on High School Completion
---- Acknowledgements -----
We would like to thank the Chicago Public Schools for providing the data used in this study. We are particularly grateful to Dan Bugler, Amy Nowell and Andrea Ross for their help in securing the necessary data and to Wei Ha and JD LaRock for excellent research assistance. All remaining errors are our own. The views expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.