NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Teen Smoking and Birth Outcomes

MaryBeth Walker, Erdal Tekin, Sally Wallace

NBER Working Paper No. 13386
Issued in September 2007
NBER Program(s):   CH   HE

In the U.S. teen mothers are more likely to give birth to low birth weight babies than non-teen mothers. There is also substantial evidence that smoking is a risk factor correlated with low birth weight. Low birth weight is a costly outcome in both the short and long term for parents, children, and society at large. This paper examines the causal link between teen age smoking behavior and low birth weight. We use a variety of empirical techniques including fixed effects and a matching estimator to identify the impact of smoking on babies of teen and non-teen mothers. We find that both OLS and matching estimator results yield large impacts of smoking on birth weight for teens and adults. However, when we control for unobservables through a fixed effects model, the impact of smoking on birth weight is diminished and there are relatively small differences in the impact of smoking on birth weight between teens and non-teens.

download in pdf format
   (167 K)

email paper

The NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health provides summaries of publications like this.  You can sign up to receive the NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health by email.

This paper is available as PDF (167 K) or via email.

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w13386

Published: Mary Beth Walker & Erdal Tekin & Sally Wallace, 2009. "Teen Smoking and Birth Outcomes," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 75(3), pages 892–907, January. citation courtesy of

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these:
Markowitz, Adams, Dietz, Kannan, and Tong w17160 Smoking Policies and Birth Outcomes: Estimates From a New Era
Evans, Ringel, and Stech Tobacco Taxes and Public Policy to Discourage Smoking
Carpenter and Dobkin w13374 The Effect of Alcohol Consumption on Mortality: Regression Discontinuity Evidence from the Minimum Drinking Age
Kearney and Levine w17965 Why is the Teen Birth Rate in the United States so High and Why Does it Matter?
Harris, Balsa, and Triunfo w19878 Tobacco Control Campaign in Uruguay: Impact on Smoking Cessation during Pregnancy
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Data
People
About

Support
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us