Restructuring Research: Communication Costs and the Democratization of University Innovation
---- Acknowledgements ----
We thank Pierre Azoulay, Erik Brynjolfsson, Iain Cockburn, Wes Cohen, Amy Finkelstein, Jeff Furman, Brent Goldfarb, Shane Greenstein, Bronwyn Hall, Dan Levinthal, Megan MacGarvie, Bhaven Sampat, Tim Simcoe, Paula Stephan, Scott Stern, Jerry Thursby, John Walsh, and especially Ig Horstmann, as well as seminar participants at the National Bureau of Economic Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, University of British Columbia, Georgia Tech, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, the Canadian Economics Association meetings, the IIOC, and the University of Toronto for useful comments. We also thank Raghav Misra, Swapnil Kotecha, Cara Saunders, and Alex Oettl, all of whom provided excellent research assistance. Errors and omissions are our own. This research was funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (Grant Nos. 410-2004-1770 and 538-02-1013). Their support is gratefully acknowledged. The views expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.