NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

The Academic Achievement Gap in Grades 3 to 8

Charles T. Clotfelter, Helen F. Ladd, Jacob L. Vigdor

NBER Working Paper No. 12207
Issued in May 2006

---- Acknowledgements -----

The authors wish to thank Robert Malme, Leona Christy, Patten Priestley, Aaron Hedland, and Marco Hernandez for excellent research assistance, David Aman for useful information on test administration in North Carolina, Frank Levy and an anonymous referee for helpful suggestions, workshop participants at the Russell Sage Foundation, the New School, CUNY, Amherst, Columbia, NYU, and the University of Chicago for valuable comments, and the Spencer Foundation for financial support.

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