NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Income Risk and the Benefits of Social Insurance: Evidence from Indonesia and the United States

Raj Chetty, Adam Looney

NBER Working Paper No. 11708
Issued in October 2005, Revised in September 2006
NBER Program(s):Public Economics

This paper examines the welfare consequences of social safety nets in developing economies relative to developed economies. Using panel surveys of households in Indonesia and the United States, we find that food consumption falls by approximately ten percent when individuals become unemployed in both countries. This finding suggests that introducing a formal social insurance program would have small benefits in terms of reducing consumption fluctuations in Indonesia. However, in contrast with households in the U.S., Indonesians use costly methods such as reducing human capital investment to smooth consumption. The primary benefit of social insurance in developing countries may therefore come not from consumption smoothing itself but from reducing the use of inefficient

smoothing methods.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w11708

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