NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Native Internal Migration and the Labor Market Impact of Immigration

George J. Borjas

NBER Working Paper No. 11610
Issued in September 2005
NBER Program(s):   LS

This paper presents a theoretical and empirical study of how immigration influences the joint determination of the wage structure and internal migration behavior for native-born workers in local labor markets. Using data from the 1960-2000 decennial censuses, the study shows that immigration is associated with lower in-migration rates, higher out-migration rates, and a decline in the growth rate of the native workforce. The native migration response attenuates the measured impact of immigration on wages in a local labor market by 40 to 60 percent, depending on whether the labor market is defined at the state or metropolitan area level.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w11610

Published: Borjas, George J. "Native Internal Migration and The Labor Market Impact Of Immigration," Journal of Human Resources 41(2): 221-258, Spring 2006

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