Age, Women, and Hiring: An Experimental Study
As the baby boom cohort reaches retirement age, demographic pressures on public programs such as social security may cause policy makers to cut benefits and encourage employment at later ages. This paper reports on a labor market experiment to determine the hiring conditions for older women in entry-level jobs in Boston, MA and St. Petersburg, FL. Differential interviewing by age is found for these jobs. A younger worker is more than 40% more likely to be offered an interview than an older worker. No evidence is found to support taste-based discrimination as a reason for this differential and some suggestive evidence is found to support statistical discrimination.
Published: Lahey, Joanna N. "Age, Women, and Hiring: An Experimental Study." Journal of Human Resources 43, 1 (Winter 2008): 30-56.