The Changing Relationship Between Aggregate Price and Output: The British Experience
Richard T. Froyen, Roger N. Waud
NBER Working Paper No. 1134 (Also Reprint No. r0502)
Over the past two and a half decades Great Britain has exhibited the most noticeable increase in inflation variability among the ten major noncommunist industrialized countries. In addition, there has been an apparent worsening in the output-inflation tradeoff. This paper attempts to identify and empirically assess possible causes of the deterioration in the British output-inflation tradeoff in the context of a new classical-type model. Supply-side shocks can cause an increase in the inflation rate and a decrease in real output, and it is estimatedthat such shocks interacted with inflation variability to reduce real output roughly 3.3 percent between the period 1957-1968 and the period 1969-1980. Also contributing to the deterioration in the output-inflation tradeoff, it is estimated that the decline in the natural rate of real output due to inflation variability (as hypothesized by Milton Friedman) amounted to about 2.3 to 2.5 percent between these two subperiods.
Published: Froyen, Richard T. and Roger N. Waud. "The Changing Relationship between Aggregate Price and Output: The British Experience." Economica, Vol. 51, ( February 1984), pp. 53-67.