NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Causality and Innovations Between Fertility and Infant Mortality

Tadashi Yamada

NBER Working Paper No. 1093
Issued in March 1983
NBER Program(s):   HE

The main issue of this paper is to study the sign and direction of causality between two demographic variables --the fertility rate and the infant mortality rate - by using time series methodology. It is shown that a fall in fertility will decrease infant mortality below its normal level. It is also shown that fertility and infant mortality are not mutually independent but jointly determined. Therefore, when one constructs a model of the relationship between fertility and infant mortality,it is suggested that one should estimate a fertility equation in which infant mortality rate is an endogenous variable in a simultaneous equations system and vice versa.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w1093

Published: Yamada, Tadashi. "Causality and Innovations Between Fertility and Infant Mortality," Population Review, Vol. 30, No. 1-2, pp. 31-52, January-December 1986.

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