NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

The Effect of Improvements in Health and Longevity on Optimal Retirement and Saving

David E. Bloom, David Canning, Michael Moore

NBER Working Paper No. 10919
Issued in November 2004
NBER Program(s):   AG   HC   LS

We develop a life-cycle model of optimal retirement and savings behavior under complete markets where retirement is caused by worsening health in old age. Our model explains the long-run decline in the age of retirement as an income level effect. We show that improvements in health and longevity tend to increase the desired retirement age, though less than proportionately, while, contrary to conventional views, reducing savings rates. The retirement age is not simply proportional to healthy life span because compound interest creates a wealth effect when lifespan increases, leading to more leisure (early retirement) and higher consumption (lower savings).

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w10919

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