NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

There is a Risk-Return Tradeoff After All

Eric Ghysels, Pedro Santa-Clara, Rossen Valkanov

NBER Working Paper No. 10913
Issued in November 2004
NBER Program(s):   AP

This paper studies the ICAPM intertemporal relation between the conditional mean and the conditional variance of the aggregate stock market return. We introduce a new estimator that forecasts monthly variance with past daily squared returns -- the Mixed Data Sampling (or MIDAS) approach. Using MIDAS, we find that there is a significantly positive relation between risk and return in the stock market. This finding is robust in subsamples, to asymmetric specifications of the variance process, and to controlling for variables associated with the business cycle. We compare the MIDAS results with tests of the ICAPM based on alternative conditional variance specifications and explain the conflicting results in the literature. Finally, we offer new insights about the dynamics of conditional variance.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w10913

Published: Ghysels, Eric, Pedro Santa-Clara and Rossen Valkanov. "There is a risk-return tradeoff after all." Journal of Financial Economics 76 (June 2005): 509-548. citation courtesy of

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