NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Testing a Roy Model with Productivity Spillovers: Evidence from the Treatment of Heart Attacks

Amitabh Chandra, Douglas Staiger

NBER Working Paper No. 10811
Issued in October 2004
NBER Program(s):   HE

Productivity spillovers are often cited as a reason for geographic specialization in production. A large literature in medicine documents specialization across areas in the use of surgical treatments, which is unrelated to patient outcomes. We show that a simple Roy model of patient treatment choice with productivity spillovers can generate these facts. Our model predicts that high-use areas will have higher returns to surgery, better outcomes among patients most appropriate for surgery, and worse outcomes among patients least appropriate for surgery. We find strong empirical support for these and other predictions of the model, and decisively reject alternative explanations commonly proposed to explain geographic variation in medical care.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w10811

Published: Chandra, Amitabh and Douglas Staiger. “Productivity Spillovers in Healthcare: Evidence from the Treatment of Heart Attacks.” Journal of Political Economy (February 2007): 103-140.

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