NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Does Prekindergarten Improve School Preparation and Performance?

Katherine A. Magnuson, Christopher J. Ruhm, Jane Waldfogel

NBER Working Paper No. 10452
Issued in April 2004
NBER Program(s):   CH   ED

Prekindergarten programs are expanding rapidly, but to date, evidence on their effects is quite limited. Using rich data from Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, we estimate the effects of prekindergarten on children's school readiness. We find that prekindergarten increases reading and mathematics skills at school entry, but also increases behavioral problems and reduces self-control. Furthermore, the effects of prekindergarten on skills largely dissipate by the spring of first grade, although the behavioral effects do not. Finally, effects differ depending on children's family background and subsequent schooling, with the largest and most lasting academic gains for disadvantaged children and those attending schools with low levels of academic instruction.

download in pdf format
   (540 K)

email paper

A non-technical summary of this paper is available in the March 2005 NBER digest.  You can sign up to receive the NBER Digest by email.

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w10452

Published: Magnuson, Katherine A. & Ruhm, Christopher & Waldfogel, Jane, 2007. "Does prekindergarten improve school preparation and performance?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 33-51, February. citation courtesy of

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Loeb, Bridges, Fuller, Rumberger, and Bassok w11812 How Much is Too Much? The Influence of Preschool Centers on Children's Social and Cognitive Development
Ludwig and Miller w11702 Does Head Start Improve Children's Life Chances? Evidence from a Regression Discontinuity Design
Neidell and Waldfogel w14277 Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Peer Effects in Early Education
Baker, Gruber, and Milligan w11832 Universal Childcare, Maternal Labor Supply, and Family Well-Being
Loeb, Fuller, Kagan, Carrol, and Carroll w9954 Child Care in Poor Communities: Early Learning Effects of Type, Quality, and Stability
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us