Market Culture: How Norms Governing Exploding Offers Affect Market Performance

Muriel Niederle, Alvin E. Roth

NBER Working Paper No. 10256
Issued in February 2004
NBER Program(s):Industrial Organization, Labor Studies

Many markets have organizations that influence or try to establish norms concerning when offers can be made, accepted and rejected. Examining a dozen previously studied markets suggests that markets in which transactions are made far in advance are markets in which it is acceptable for firms to make exploding offers, and unacceptable for workers to renege on commitments they make, however early. But this evidence is only suggestive, because the markets differ in many ways other than norms concerning offers. Laboratory experiments allow us to isolate the effects of exploding offers and binding acceptances. In a simple environment, in which uncertainty about applicants' quality is resolved over time, we find inefficient early contracting when firms can make exploding offers and applicants' acceptances are binding. Relaxing either of these two conditions causes matching to take place later, when more information about applicants' qualities is available, and consequently results in higher efficiency and fewer blocking pairs. This suggests that elements of market culture may play an important role in influencing market performance.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w10256

Published: Niederle, Muriel and Alvin E. Roth. “Market Culture: How Rules Governing Exploding Offers Affect Market Performance." American Economic Journal: Microeconomics 1, 2 (August 2009): 199-219.

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