NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

The Rise of the Skilled City

Edward L. Glaeser, Albert Saiz

NBER Working Paper No. 10191
Issued in December 2003
NBER Program(s):   EFG

For more than a century, educated cities have grown more quickly than comparable cities with less human capital. This fact survives a battery of other control variables, metropolitan area fixed effects and tests for reverse causality. We also find that skilled cities are growing because they are becoming more economically productive (relative to less skilled cities), not because these cities are becoming more attractive places to live. Most surprisingly, we find evidence suggesting that the skills-city growth connection occurs mainly in declining areas and occurs in large part because skilled cities are better at adapting to economic shocks. As in Schultz (1964), skills appear to permit adaptation.

download in pdf format
   (478 K)

email paper

A non-technical summary of this paper is available in the June 2004 NBER digest.  You can sign up to receive the NBER Digest by email.

This paper is available as PDF (478 K) or via email.

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w10191

Published: Glaeser, Edward L. and Albert Saiz. “The Rise of the Skilled City." Brookings-Wharton Papers on Urban Affairs 5 (2004): 47-94.

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these:
Glaeser, Kolko, and Saiz w7790 Consumer City
Glaeser and Kahn w14238 The Greenness of Cities: Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Urban Development
Glaeser and Mare w4728 Cities and Skills
Shapiro w11615 Smart Cities: Quality of Life, Productivity, and the Growth Effects of Human Capital
Glaeser, Kallal, Scheinkman, and Shleifer w3787 Growth in Cities
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Data
People
About

Support
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us