Exchange Rates, Money and Relative Prices: The Dollar-Pound in the 1920's

Kenneth W. Clements, Jacob A. Frenkel

NBER Working Paper No. 429 (Also Reprint No. r0087)
Issued in 1980
NBER Program(s):International Trade and Investment, International Finance and Macroeconomics

This paper applies the analytical framework of the monetary approach to exchange rate determination to the analysis of the Dollar/Pound exchange rate during the first part of the 1920's. The analysis uses monthly data up to the return of Britain to gold in 1925. The equilibrium exchange rate is shown to be influenced by both real and monetary factors which operate through their influence on the relative demands and supplies of monies. Special attention is given to examination of the relationship between exchange rates and the relative price of traded to non-traded goods. In the empirical work the prices of traded goods are proxied by the wholesale price indices and the prices of non-traded are proxied by wages. One of the key findings of the paper is the estimate of the elasticity of the exchange rate with respect to the relative price of traded to non-traded goods. This elasticity is estimated with high precision and is shown to be .415 which provides an independent measure of the relative share of spending on non-traded goods. This estimate is consistent with other estimates obtained in studies of expenditure shares. The paper concluded with a dynamic simulation which indicates the satisfactory quality of the predictive ability of the model.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w0429

Published: Clements, Kenneth W. and Frenkel, Jacob A. "Exchange Rates, Money, and Relative Prices: The Dollar-Pound in the 1920's." Journal of International Economics, Vol. 10, No 2, (May 1980), pp 249-262. citation courtesy of

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